Aspect: Critical thinking

This aspect is in the main category: Higher order skills

Z2… does active fact checking on quantitative information
Z1… sees quantitative information for what it is worth, and gives counterexamples or counter-reasoning
Y2… sees quantitative information as possibly objective and true….
Y1… sees most quantitative information as objective and true.
X2… sees quantitative information as truth.
X1… interprets a limited amount of quantitative information encountered.


Critical thinking is mentioned in most lists of 21st century skills. It is also frequently mentioned in mathematics curricula as one of the more societal goals of mathematics education .

Jain, P. & Rogers, M. (2019). Numeracy as critical thinking. Adults Learning Mathematics: An
International Journal, 14(1), 23-33. pdf
Sellars, Maura (2017) Numeracy across the curriculum – a pathway to critical thinking. pdf